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Protecting Yourself from Financial Scams
You, or someone you know, could become the victim of the fastest growing crime in America - financial abuse in the form of scams and identity theft. Seniors are increasingly becoming targets for financial abuse. As people over 50 years old control over 70 percent of the nation's wealth, fraudsters are using new tactics to take advantage of retiring baby boomers and the growing number of older Americans. Senior financial abuse is estimated to have cost victims as least $2.9 billion last year alone.
What is Senior Financial Abuse?
It's a cime that deprives older adults of their resources and ultimately their independence. Anyone who sees signs of theft, fraud, misuse of a person's assets or credit, or use of undue influence to gain control of an older person's money or property should be on the alert. Those are signs of possible exploitation. Senior Americans that may have disabilities or rely on others for help can be susceptible to scams and other fraud. Advances in technology can also make it difficult for seniors to know who to trust and what's safe.
Despite these threats, taking simple steps to safeguard personal information and being aware of warning signs can protect aging men and women from financial abuse.
Tips for Seniors
What steps can you take to protect yourself?
- Plan ahead to protect your assets and to ensure your wishes are followed. Talk to someone at your financial institution, an attorney, or financial advisor about the best options for you.
- Shred receipts, bank statements, and unused credit card offers before throwing them away.
- Lock up your checkbook, account statements, and other sensitive information when others will be in your home.
- Order copies of your credit report once a year to ensure accuracy. Our Heritage Checking Account offers credit monitoring as one of the account benefits.
- Never give personal information, including Social Security Number, account number, or other financial information to anyone over the phone unless you initiated the call and you trust the other party.
- Never pay a fee or taxes to collect sweepstakes or lottery "winnings."
- Never rush into a financial decision. Ask for details in writing and get a second opinion.
- Consult with a financial advisor or attorney before signing any document you don't understand.
- Get to know your banker and build a relationship with the people who handle your finances. They can look out for any suspicious activity related to your account.
- Check references and credentials before hiring anyone. Don't allow workers to have access to information about your finances.
- Pay with checks and credit cards instead of cash to keep a paper trail.
- Feel free to say "no," After all, it's your money.
- You have the right not to be threatened or intimidated. If you think somenone close to you is trying to take control of your finances, call your local Adult Protective Services or tell someone at your bank.
- Trust your instincts. Exploiters and abusers often are very skilled. They can be charming and forceful in their effort to convince you to give up control of your finances. Don't be fooled - if something doesn't feel right, it may not be right. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.
Tips for Family and Friends of Seniors
What are the warning signs of financial abuse?
They key to spotting financial abuse is a change in a person's established financial patterns. Watch out for these "red flags":
- Unusual activity in an older person's bank accounts, including large, frequent, or unexpected withdrawals.
- ATM withdrawals by an older person who has never used a debit or ATM card.
- Changing from a basic account to one that offers more complicated services the customer does not fully understand or need.
- Withdrawals from bank accounts or transfers between accounts the customer cannot explain.
- New "best friends" accompanying an older person to the bank.
- Sudden non-sufficient fund activity or unpaid bills.
- Closing CDs or accounts without regard to penalties.
- Uncharacteristic attempts to wire large sums of money.
- Suspicious signatures on checks, or outright forgery.
- Confusion, fear, or lack of awareness on the part of an older customer.
- Refusal to make eye contact, shame, or reluctance to talk about the problem.
- Check is written as "loans" or "gifts."
- Bank statements that no longer go to the account holder's home.
- New powers of attorney the older person does not understand.
- A caretaker, or friend who suddenly begins conducting financial transactions on behalf of a senior without proper documentation.
- Altered wills and trusts.
- Loss of property.
What should you do if you suspect financial abuse?
Talk to senior friends or loved ones if you see any of the signs mentioned here. Try to determine what specifically is happening with their financial situation, such as a new person "helping" them with money management, or a relative using cards or credit without their permission. Then, report the financial abuse to their bank, and enlist their banker's help to stop it and prevent it's recurrence. Also, report all instances of financial abuse to your local police - if fraud is involved, they should investigate.